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Ancient_05. The Great Wall of China


Background Knowledge of the Great Wall of China

 The Great Wall of China is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and was selected as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007. The existing artificial wall is 6,259.6 km long.

  ● Location: Extends from Shanhaiguan in the east to Jiayuguan in the west in China 

  ● When constructed: Around the 3rd century BC

  ● Size: When all the sections are added up, the wall is 6,400 km or 10,000 li in Chinese measurements

  ● Features:The wall is referred to as ‘the greatest civil engineering project of mankind.’

                       - Chinese dynasties built the wall to keep out northern tribes. Most of the remaining wall was built during the Ming dynasty.

                       - The Great Wall of China was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.

1. Interesting Story about Artifacts and Historic Sites

Great Wall of China, the World's Largest Structure

Guess what? The Great Wall of China is the largest thing that people have ever built! It's super long, stretching about 2,700 kilometers from east to west. But when we count all the different parts, it's even longer—around 6,400 kilometers!

A long time ago, before China became one big country, there were many smaller states. These states built walls to keep out tribes from the north who wanted to take their land. Then, in 221 BC, a powerful emperor named Qin Shi Huang came along. He decided to connect all these walls and make them into one giant wall.

China was always worried about those northern tribes, so they made the wall even taller and stronger during the Han and Ming dynasties. The wall was built to be 6–9 meters high, so it was hard for people to climb over it. They also built watchtowers every 100 meters so they could keep an eye out for enemies. The wall was made using different materials like dried earth bricks, fired bricks, and stones. Even though they worked really hard on it, the wall didn't fully protect the people as they hoped.